Public Legal Awareness Materials

Pamphlets Bumper Stickers
Comic Books Posters


Legal Awareness Pamphlets

The Rights of Accused upon Arrest and In Prison: Version 1

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

Articles 30 and 31 of the Afghan constitution
Article 25 of the Police Law
Number 862 of the Official Gazette)
Article 5, Chapter 6; Article 5, Chapter 7; and Article 19 of the Interim Criminal Procedural Code

Document description: Describes citizens’ rights upon arrest. For example, citizens must be told why they were arrested and have the right to remain silent while detailed and investigated by the police.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

The Rights of Accused upon Arrest and In Prison: Version 2

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

-Articles 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 and 37, Chapter 3, of the Prisons and Detention Law

Document description: Describes prisoners’ rights. For example, prisoners have the right to meet with their families while in prison and are entitled up to 20 days’ leave per year to see friends and family.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

Final Court Decision/ Verdict: Version 3

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

Article 8 of the Interim Criminal Procedural Code
Article 53 of the Law on Organization and Authority of the Courts and Judiciary

Document description: Outlines the processes of primary courts and the appeals process.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

Duty and Authorities of the Attorney General: Version 4

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

Article 12 of the Law on Organization and Authority of the Attorney General

Document description: Describes the role of the attorney general, which include monitoring the various rights of both citizens and organizations at the country, provincial and local levels.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

Investigation By Police: Version 5

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

Article 31 and 32 of the Interim Criminal Procedural Code For the Courts

Document description: The flip side to the “Rights of the Accused” pamphlets, it describes how police should conduct investigations and treat accused citizens.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

Difference Between Being a Suspect, Accused and Guilty: Version 6

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

Article 2, Chapters 7 and 8 of the Law on Discovery and Investigation of Crimes and Monitoring of the Attorney General on Implementation of the Law
Article 5, Chapters 1 and 2 of the Interim Criminal Procedural Code
Article 4, Chapter 3 of the Civil Code of Principles for the Civil Courts

Document description: Describes under what circumstances is a citizen suspected of committing a crime, accused of committing a crime or guilty of committing a crime.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

Equal Treatment Under the Law For All Citizens, Especially Women: Version 7

Information in the pamphlet is adapted from:

-Supreme Court Circular No. 2067

Document description: Outlines the Supreme Court’s circular mandating that all citizens be treated equally under the law, especially women. For example, divorce forms have to be given immediately upon request, no matter if the person requesting the forms is a man or a woman.

Languages: Dari & Pashto |

Brochure on Corruption

Author/organization: UNODC

Document description: Highlights international conventions against corruption, the negative effects of corruption and suggested ways of curbing and controlling corruption.

Publication date: November 2006

Languages: Dari | | English |

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Legal Awareness Comic Books

Escape from Cruelty (Serial No. 1)

Issue: Forced Child Labor

Summary: Yassin, an orphan forced to work for a man named Jabar, one day hears a radio program on child labor. He learns forced child labor is forbidden under Afghan law and runs away. Yassin is found by a policeman and taken to a local shura where he meets an elder named Kaka Raouf. The old man goes to Jabar and admonishes him for making Yassin work. Jabar frees Yassin, who returns to Kaka Raouf and enrolls in school.

Constitutional articles referenced: 43 and 49

Languages: Dari & Pashto

Blind of One’s Own Shortcomings but Aware of Others’ (Serial No. 2)

Issue: Education Rights

Summary: Yassin ridicules his classmate, Razia, for taking her studies very seriously. But when exam time comes and Razia passes and Yassin failes, Yassin complains to Kaka Raouf. The elder reprimands Yassin for not working harder. Ashamed, Yassin apologizes to Razia and tells her that, under the Afghan constitution, everyone—including girls—has the right to education. Razia accepts Yassin’s apology.

Constitutional articles referenced: 22 and 43

Languages: Dari & Pashto

One Who Makes Trouble for Others Will Eventually Find Trouble Himself (Serial No. 3)

Issue: Freedom Rights

Summary: Yassin and Kaka Raouf take a taxi to visit the next village. When the taxi driver drives too fast, disobeying traffic laws, Yassin and Kaka Raouf decide to walk. The taxi driver continues to drive too fast and hits and kills a man in the village. Yassin is upset when he sees the man’s son crying. Kaka Raouf explains that the driver’s disregard for the law led to the accident and that everyone must have respect for each other’s rights to live in harmony.

Constitutional articles referenced: 23 and 24

Languages: Dari & Pashto

Getting One’s Just Deserts (Serial No. 4)

Issue: Police Bribes and Freedom of Expression

Summary: A policeman stops Yassin, claims Yassin has no permit for the cart he is pushing and demands a bribe. A friendly policeman explains that demanding bribes is illegal but the only way to catch the bad policeman is to collect evidence. Yassin eventually catches the bad policeman again demanding a bribe. The policeman is arrested, tried and sentenced.

Constitutional articles referenced: 34 and 50

Languages: Dari & Pashto

Good Things Eventually Go To the Person Who Deserves Them (Serial No. 5)

Issue: Property Rights

Summary: After the war, Yassin and his sister are reunited. They return to their old house only to find it has been taken over by a powerful man who will not give it up. Aamena, a law student, takes Yassin and his sister to court with their property deeds and pictures proving that the house is still theirs. In court, Yassin and his sister win back their house.

Constitutional articles referenced: 40 and 120

Languages: Dari & Pashto

A Glimpse at the Constitution (Serial No. 6)

Issue: Afghan Constitution

Summary: On the radio, Yassin listens to a report on the Afghan constitution and wants to learn more. He asks Kaka Raouf about the constitution and Kaka Raouf explains many of the constitution’s parts to him, including the articles outlining the National Assembly, the Judiciary, and the overall administration of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

Constitutional articles referenced: 4, 19, 29, 36, 60, and 71, 81-109, 116-135 and 136-142

Languages: Dari & Pashto

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Legal Awareness Bumper Stickers
Issue: Crime

Description: Describes the crime and the defense attorney, for example crime is a personal action and it can not affect another person. Everybody shall be entitled to a defense attorney immediately after his/her arrest.

Constitutional articles referenced: 26

Law on Organization and Jurisdiction of Courts of the Judiciary articles referenced: 11

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Freedom of Expression

Description: Describes Freedom of expression, for example every Afghan has the right to express his thought through speech, writing or illustration.

Constitutional articles referenced: 34, 1

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Police

Description: Describes the basic duties of the police, for example to ensure security, public order and facilities, prevent crimes and other violations.

Constitutional articles referenced: 2

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Obeying the Law

Description: Describes, the duties of the Afghan people, to observe the provisions of the Constitution, obeying the laws, adhering to public law and order.

Constitutional articles referenced: 56

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Attorney General

Description: Describes the responsibilities of the Attorney General’s office of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to strengthen rule of law and order in the society, safeguard the rights.

The attorney law articles referenced: 12

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Ignorance of the Law

Description: Describes, observing the provisions of the Constitution, obeying the laws, adhering to public law and order are the duties of all people of Afghanistan . Ignorance about the provisions of law is not considered an excuse.

Constitutional articles referenced: 56

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Liberty Right

Description: Liberty is the natural right of human beings. This right has no limits unless affecting the rights of others or public interests, which are regulated by law. Liberty and dignity of human beings are inviolable.

Constitutional articles referenced: 24

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Discrimination

Description: The state shall design and implement within its financial resources effective programs for development of agriculture and animal husbandry, improving the economic, social and living conditions of farmers, herders, settlement and living conditions of nomads. Any kind of discrimination and privilege between the citizens of Afghanistan are prohibited.

Constitutional articles referenced: 22

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Forced Labor

Description: Describes that forced labor is forbidden, active participation, in times of war, calamity, and other situations threatening lives and public welfare is one of the primary duties of every Afghan. Children shall not be subjected to forced labor.

Constitutional articles referenced: 24, 27, and 49

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Education Rights

Description: Describes, education is the right of all citizens of Afghanistan , which shall be provided up to the level of the B.A. (lisâns), free of charge by the state.

Constitutional articles referenced: 22, 43 and 44

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Right to Defense Attorney

Description: Each person shall be entitled to a defense attorney immediately after the person’s arrest to remove the accusation charged against. In criminal cases, there shall be assigned defense attorneys for the destitute in accordance with the relevant legislation.

Law on organization and jurisdiction of the courts of Afghanistan: Article 11

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |
Issue: Innocent Before Guilty

Description: Describes, an accused is considered innocent until convicted by a final decision of an authorized court.

Constitutional articles referenced: 25

Languages: Dari/ Pashto |

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Posters

Poster on Corruption

Author/organization: UNODC

Document description: Titled “Controlling Corruption”.

Publication date: January 2001

Languages: Dari | | English |

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